What are four problems that might affect an infant if the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy?

What are the effects on the infant if the mother drinks alcohol?

Babies whose mothers drank alcohol during their pregnancy can be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities. The problems that can happen when babies are exposed to alcohol are grouped together and called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).

Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant?

An infant born to a mother who drinks alcohol during pregnancy can end up with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). This group of disorders includes: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). These are the most severe problems that can happen when a woman drinks during pregnancy.

What are 4 physical consequences to FAS?

Along with evidence that the mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy, the physical effects associated with FAS include growth retardation, musculoskeletal abnormalities, small head circumference (Microcephaly) and a group of distinctive facial dysmorphologies (Figure 1).

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How does alcohol increase the risk of alcohol related infant defects?

Alcohol is broken down more slowly in the immature body of the fetus than in the body of an adult. This can cause the alcohol levels to remain high and stay in the baby’s body longer. The risk of miscarriage and stillbirth also goes up if the mother drinks alcohol.

What problems can smoking during pregnancy cause?

Tobacco. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of health problems for developing babies, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects of the mouth and lip. Smoking during and after pregnancy also increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Which of the following is a problem a baby may have if the mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant quizlet?

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems.

What are the 4 criteria necessary for a fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosis?

The four broad areas of clinical features that constitute the diagnosis of FAS have remained essentially the same since first described in 1973: selected facial malformations, growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) abnormalities, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

What are three effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

The effects of FAS include mental retardation, malformations of the skeletal system and major organ systems (specifically the heart and brain), inhibited growth, central nervous system complications, poor motor skills, mortality, and difficulty with learning, memory, social interaction, attention span, problem solving, …

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What are three mental side effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Mental Health Problems

  • Attention problems, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Conduct disorder (aggression toward others and serious violations of rules, laws, and social norms)
  • Alcohol or drug dependence.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.

How does fetal alcohol syndrome affect cognitive development?

Exposure to alcohol in utero is associated with cognitive impairment in various neuropsychological domains, including overall intellectual performance, executive function, learning and memory, language, visual-spatial ability, motor function, attention, and activity levels as well as behavioral problems including …

What happens if a child accidentally drinks alcohol?

Symptoms can include confusion, vomiting, and seizures. The child may have trouble breathing and flushed or pale skin. Alcohol reduces the gag reflex. This can cause choking.

How early can alcohol affect a fetus?

It is in the third week after fertilization that specific alcohol-induced birth defects begin to affect the developing embryo. At this point in the developmental timeline, gastrulation commences and the three embryonic germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm) are set.

Is drinking alcohol while pregnant an unnecessary risk to prenatal development?

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, pregnant women should not drink any form of alcohol as it has been shown to cause serious and negative effects on the development of the baby (fetus).