What are maternal infections during pregnancy?

Most common maternal infections (eg, UTIs, skin and respiratory tract infections) are usually not serious problems during pregnancy. Maternal infections that can damage the fetus include cytomegalovirus infection, herpes simplex virus infection, rubella, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis B, and syphilis.

What causes maternal infections during pregnancy?

Vaginal yeast infections are caused by a fungus called Candida. These infections tend to occur during pregnancy because of changes in the immune system, increased production of glycogen, and higher estrogen levels.

What does maternal infection mean?

Maternal infection is a common occurrence during pregnancy, with a substantial impact on the infant. Some infections result in impaired development in utero and even death of the fetus. Other infections may be insidious in the mother but result in growth impairment and hearing loss in the infant.

How does maternal infections affect the fetus?

Infection can be dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause problems for unborn babies, such as hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy. CMV is particularly dangerous to the baby if the pregnant mother has not had the infection before.

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What is the most common medical maternal complication during pregnancy?

Some of the most common complications of pregnancy include: high blood pressure. gestational diabetes. preeclampsia.

What Patients Should pregnant nurses avoid?

Pregnant nurses may wish to avoid taking care of patients with active shingles or varicella zoster infections, as well as patients on airborne precautions. Pregnant nurses should be immunized against influenza; the vaccine is safe for women in all stages of pregnancy.

Can a pregnant woman get infection?

Even mild infections can lead to serious illness in pregnant women. Some infections that occur during pregnancy primarily pose a risk to the mother. Other infections can be transmitted to the baby through the placenta or during birth. When this occurs, the baby is at risk for health complications as well.

What diseases can a pregnant woman get?

What health problems can develop during pregnancy?

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia. Anemia occurs when your red blood cell count (hemoglobin or hematocrit) is low. …
  • Gestational Diabetes. …
  • Depression and Anxiety. …
  • Fetal Problems. …
  • High Blood Pressure Related to Pregnancy. …
  • Infections. …
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum. …
  • Miscarriage.

What are high risk pregnancy conditions?

High blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, epilepsy, thyroid disease, heart or blood disorders, poorly controlled asthma, and infections can increase pregnancy risks. Pregnancy complications.

What diseases can you get from giving birth?

Chlamydia during pregnancy has been linked to preterm labor, premature rupture of the membranes and low birth weight. Chlamydia can be passed from women to their babies during a vaginal delivery.

Hepatitis C.

  • Eye infection.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Blood infection.
  • Brain damage.
  • Blindness.
  • Deafness.
  • Chronic liver disease.
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What kind of infection can cause a miscarriage?

The following infections may also increase your risk:

  • rubella (german measles)
  • cytomegalovirus.
  • bacterial vaginosis.
  • HIV.
  • chlamydia.
  • gonorrhoea.
  • syphilis.
  • malaria.

What maternal infection can cause cerebral palsy?

Herpes simplex virus.

This is the most common sexually transmitted infection and one of the most common infections affecting pregnant women. It can be transmitted from the mother to the baby and cause many possible complications and disabilities, including cerebral palsy.

How can I clean my private part during pregnancy?

How Can I Keep My Vagina Clean During Pregnancy?

  1. Do use a plain unperfumed intimate wash for the vulva or the outer part of the vaginal region.
  2. Don’t use a vaginal douche(where water is flushed up the vagina), this can flush out the good bacteria and might actually raise the risk of an infection.

Which month is critical in pregnancy?

The first trimester is the most crucial to your baby’s development. During this period, your baby’s body structure and organ systems develop. Most miscarriages and birth defects occur during this period.

What are the signs of unhealthy pregnancy?

DANGER SIGNS DURING PREGNANCY

  • vaginal bleeding.
  • convulsions/fits.
  • severe headaches with blurred vision.
  • fever and too weak to get out of bed.
  • severe abdominal pain.
  • fast or difficult breathing.

What are the chances of dying while giving birth?

Some sources will define maternal mortality as the death of a woman up to 42 days after their pregnancy has ended, instead of one year.

Maternal Mortality Is Rising in the U.S. As It Declines Elsewhere.

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Country MMR (deaths per 100,000 live births)
United States 26.4
U.K 9.2
Portugal 9
Germany 9