Many things can cause bruises in children. Bumps and falls are the most common reason for bruising. But sometimes bruises can indicate something more serious, like child abuse, bleeding disorders, and certain cancers.
When should I worry about a bruise on my baby?
Just remember that bruising in kids (once they can crawl) is completely normal; almost every child has them. “If they’re not accompanied by broken blood vessels or located in unusual places and your child doesn’t seem to be in an excessive amount of pain, then it is probably nothing to worry about,” says Dr. Dixon.
What causes bruising on babies?
Most infant bruising causes are related to incidents when an infant suffers minor trauma or injury to a localized area of their body, like an arm or leg. When an area of skin is impacted, it may cause the blood vessels close to the surface to rupture.
Is it normal for babies to have bruises?
Conclusions Bruises are rare in normal infants and precruisers and become common among cruisers and walkers. Bruises in infants younger than 9 months and who are not yet beginning to ambulate should lead to consideration of abuse or illness as causative.
What causes bruises to appear without injury?
Unexplained bruising on the legs can occur in both adults and children due to a variety of factors, including injury, age, an underlying health condition, or even things like medication. For example, in adults, bruising can occur more easily as we age due to thinning of the skin.
What does leukemia bruises look like?
Small red spots (petechiae)
Small, pinhead-sized red spots on the skin (called “petechiae”) may be a sign of leukaemia. These small red spots are actually very small bruises that cluster so that they look like a rash.
What to do if a baby has a bruise?
Your child has a fever.
- Apply Ice. Wrap a cold pack in a towel or washcloth and hold it against the bruise for 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat, but no more than once an hour. …
- Elevate the Area. If possible, raise the bruised area above the heart to reduce swelling.
- Reduce Pain. Use infant or child-formula acetaminophen (Tylenol).
The marks occur when some of the skin’s pigment cells, or melanocytes, get “trapped” in the deeper layers of skin during the infant’s development. When the pigment does not reach the surface, it appears as a gray, greenish, blue, or black mark.
Is bruising caused by a vitamin deficiency?
Deficiencies in vitamin C can cause a condition called scurvy. Scurvy causes bleeding gums, wounds that do not heal, and easy bruising. Vitamin K helps the body form clots to stop bleeding.
Can teething cause bruising on cheek?
Bruising is more common, but eruption cysts aren’t outside of the norm either. Sometimes this teething process can cause your baby discomfort. Here are a few actions you can take to make them feel better: Rubber Teething Toy – These are made specifically to soothe your baby’s teething pain.