A fetus growing inside a woman who has diabetes may be exposed to high levels of blood glucose during the pregnancy if the diabetes is not well controlled. There are two types of diabetes that may put a baby at risk during pregnancy, namely, gestational diabetes and pre-gestational diabetes.
Can baby get diabetes from mother?
A fetus (baby) of a mother with diabetes may be exposed to high blood sugar (glucose) levels, and high levels of other nutrients, throughout the pregnancy.
How does a baby get diabetes?
It develops when the body stops using insulin properly. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common in younger adults, but it is very rare in young children. Very rarely, babies are born with diabetes. This is called neonatal diabetes and is caused by a problem with the genes.
What happens to a baby when the mother has diabetes?
The infant of a diabetic mother is often larger than expected for the gestational age. The infant of a diabetic mother may have higher risks for serious problems during pregnancy and at birth. Problems during pregnancy may include increased risk for birth defects and stillbirth.
Can a diabetic mother have a healthy baby?
If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
How will I know if my baby has diabetes?
The signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children usually develop quickly, and may include:
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination, possibly bed-wetting in a toilet-trained child.
- Extreme hunger.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Irritability or behavior changes.
- Fruity-smelling breath.
Are babies tested for diabetes at birth?
The only way of knowing a baby has diabetes is by testing their blood or urine, so if a parent notices these signs in their child, they need to see their doctor.
How long can a child have diabetes without knowing?
How long can a child have diabetes without knowing? In children under 2 years, the clinical presentation can be non-specific.
What are the risks of having diabetes during pregnancy?
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:
- Birth Defects. …
- An Extra Large Baby. …
- C- Section (Cesarean Section) …
- High Blood Pressure (Preeclampsia) …
- Early (Preterm) Birth. …
- Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia) …
- Miscarriage or Stillbirth.
Does diabetes cause big babies?
If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of: Excessive birth weight. Higher than normal blood sugar in mothers can cause their babies to grow too large.