Can a viral infection harm my unborn baby?

A viral infection is a contagious illness. Most viruses will not hurt your baby. However, some viruses can cause miscarriage or birth defects in your baby. A virus can affect your respiratory tract (breathing) and can cause other symptoms.

How do viral infections affect the fetus?

It has been well established that viral infection of the cells at the maternal-fetal interface can affect placental function, which may result in pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or preterm birth (PTB).

What viruses can harm an unborn baby?

Infections in pregnancy that may affect your baby

  • Chickenpox in pregnancy. …
  • CMV in pregnancy. …
  • Group B streptococcus in pregnancy. …
  • Infections transmitted by animals. …
  • Hepatitis B. …
  • Herpes in pregnancy. …
  • HIV in pregnancy. …
  • Slapped cheek syndrome in pregnancy.

Can viruses cause birth defects?

Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella, rubella, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) are among the agents that are recognized to have the potential to cause birth defects in a developing fetus.

Is viral infection common during pregnancy?

Viral infections in pregnancy are major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Infections can develop in the neonate transplacentally, perinatally (from vaginal secretions or blood), or postnatally (from breast milk or other sources).

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Does placenta protect baby from viruses?

The placenta is a complex, highly specialized, still little-understood organ. It helps prevent the mother’s immune system from rejecting her own fetus, while also preventing most bacteria and some viruses from passing from mother to baby.

How do you treat a viral infection while pregnant?

It is recommended that pregnant women who have the flu are treated with antiviral medicines because they are at much higher risk of complications. Antiviral medicines work best when started within 48 hours of symptoms starting.

Can Covid cause birth defects?

Any functionally alterations in early embryonic cells by the viral infection may lead to adverse birth defects. With much still unknown about COVID-19 and neurodevelopmental complications, there is an increased risk to develop congenital birth defects, if SARS-CoV-2 infection occurs during early pregnancy.

What are symptoms of a viral infection?

If it’s a viral illness, typically symptoms are shorter lasting and classically the symptoms include fever, chills, sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, and a lot of times you can have some body aches.

How can a pregnant woman avoid a viral infection?

10 Simple Steps to Prevent Infections During Pregnancy

  1. Maintain good hygiene. …
  2. Cook your meat until it’s well done. …
  3. Avoid unpasteurized (raw) milk and foods made from it. …
  4. Ask your doctor about Group B streptococcus (GBS). …
  5. Talk to your doctor about vaccinations. …
  6. Get tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

How long do viral infections last?

A viral infection usually lasts only a week or two. But when you’re feeling rotten, this can seem like a long time! Here are some tips to help ease symptoms and get better faster: Rest.

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Can viral infection cause preterm labor?

Acute intrauterine viral exposure may result in preterm labor and delivery. Pregnant women are at higher risk of spontaneous preterm birth if they have circulating hepatitis B virus antigens. Experimental models also suggest the possible induction of labor by viral infection.